ELECTION MANIFESTO'S 2015

The following are extracts from the 5 main party manifesto's and describe their ideas on "dealing with crime". The manifesto extracts are listed in party name alphabetical order.

The party manifesto's for the 2010 elections are now available via the Archive page. 


CONSERVATIVE PARTY MANIFESTO 2015 - CRIME


The following is a copy of pages 58 to 60 covering crime from the Conservative Party Manifesto 2015.

To access the full pdf document of the full manifesto :

FIGHTING CRIME AND STANDING UP FOR VICTIMS

Our commitment to you:
- Your local area should be a safe place to grow up, work, raise a family and retire. We will continue to cut crime and make your community safer. We will:
- finish the job of police reform, so you can have more confidence that your local policing team is working effectively
- toughen sentencing and reform the prison system, so dangerous criminals are kept off
your streets
- support victims, so that the most vulnerable in our society get the support they deserve.
- scrap the Human Rights Act and curtail the role of the European Court of Human Rights, so that foreign criminals can be more easily deported from Britain.
Crime is down by more than 20 per cent since 2010,according to the independent Crime Survey, and is at its lowest point since records began. Lower crime means fewer robberies, less violence on our streets, fewer lives ruined, and more people able to feel confident about the future.
Labour didn't trust our brilliant policemen and women, probation staff and prison officers to do their job, but tried to micromanage every police force from Whitehall,
doing serious damage to officer morale, police discretion and forces' performance. And Labour failed to provide sufficient prison places: tens of thousands of prisoners
were released early, putting the public at risk.
We have made progress in turning around the situation we inherited, with comprehensive reforms to policing, rehabilitation and the rights of victims. We have already
increased the proportion of officers working on the frontline, and cut 4.5 million hours of police paperwork.

We have given Chief Constables a clear mandate to cut crime, reformed stop and search, established the National Crime Agency, strengthened the police inspectorate, made the police more accountable through Police and Crime Commissioners, increased transparency through crime maps, and set up the College of Policing to drive up professional standards.
We have made sure that 45,000 offenders will now receive supervision and rehabilitation on release from prison, with providers paid according to the results they achieve in reducing reoffending. We reformed drug treatment so that abstinence and full recovery is the goal, instead of the routine maintenance of people's addictions with substitute drugs. And with new laws to crack down on domestic violence, measures to prevent Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), the first ever Modern Slavery Act, action to tackle human trafficking and substantial progress in tackling
online child abuse, we have consistently stood up for the most vulnerable in our society.
We will carry on making every community safer, even when resources are tight. We will continue reducing paperwork, increasing sentence lengths for the most serious offences, and making sure that prisons are places of rehabilitation.
We need to complete our revolution in the way we manage offenders in the community, using the latest technology to keep criminals on the straight and narrow. And we must
also become smarter when it comes to crime prevention, dealing with the drivers of crime such as drugs and alcohol. So we will focus not only on punishment, but also
on rehabilitating offenders and intervening early to prevent troubled young people being drawn into crime.
Our plan of action:
We will finish the job of police reform, backing officers to fight crime unimpeded
We will ensure proper provision of health and community based places of safety for people suffering mental health crises - saving police time and stopping vulnerable people being detained in police custody. To speed up justice, we will extend the use of police-led prosecutions. We will allow police forces to retain a greater percentage of the value of assets they seize from criminals. We will improve our response to cyber-crime with reforms to police training and an expansion in the number of volunteer 'Cyber Specials'. We will enable fire and police services to work more
closely together and develop the role of our elected and accountable Police and Crime Commissioners.
We will transform the relationship between the police and the public
We have taken action to boost public confidence and trust in the police and now want to go even further. We will improve the diversity of police recruitment - especially
of black and ethnic minority officers - by supporting the development of new direct entry and fast-track schemes such as Police Now, which offers top graduates a new route into policing. We will overhaul the police complaints system. We will use the Police Innovation Fund to accelerate the adoption of new technologies, including
mobile devices, that will transform the service the public receives. And we will legislate to mandate changes in police practices if stop and search does not become more targeted and stop to arrest ratios do not improve.
We will introduce more effective crime prevention measures to break the cycle of offending
We are developing a modern crime prevention strategy to address the key drivers of crime. We will publish standards, performance data and a ranking system for
the security of smartphones and tablets, as well as online financial and retail services. We will overhaul the system of police cautions, and ensure that offenders always have conditions, such as victim redress, attached to their punishment. We will create a blanket ban on all new psychoactive substances, protecting young people from exposure to so-called 'legal highs'. And we will make sobriety orders available to all courts in England and Wales, enforced through new alcohol monitoring tags.
 
We will reform our prison system
Despite making savings in the prison budget, there are around 3,000 more adult male prison places today than in 2010. We will make further savings by closing old, inefficient prisons, building larger, modern and fit-for-purpose ones and expanding payment-by-results. And we will introduce widespread random testing of drug use in jails, new body scanners, greater use of mobile phone blocking technology and a new strategy to tackle corruption in prisons.

We will protect victims and support the vulnerable
We have already introduced a new Victims' Code and taken steps to protect vulnerable witnesses and victims. Now we will strengthen victims' rights further, with
a new Victims' Law that will enshrine key rights for victims, including the right to make a personal statement and have it read in court before sentencing - and before the Parole Board decides on a prisoner's release. We will give all vulnerable victims and witnesses greater opportunity to give evidence outside court, and roll out nationally pre-trial cross examination for child victims.
We will prioritise tackling violence against women and girls
We have made protecting women and girls from violence and supporting victims and survivors of sexual violence a key priority. We will now work with local authorities, the NHS and Police and Crime Commissioners to ensure a secure future for specialist FGM and forced marriage units, refuges and rape crisis centres. We will ensure that all publicly-funded advocates have specialist victims' training before becoming involved in serious sexual offences cases. We have set up an independant statutory inquiry into child sexual abuse, and will make sure it can challange institutions and individuals without fear or favour, and get to the truth. And we will continue the urgent work of overhauling how our police, social services and other agencies work together to protect vulnerable children, especially from the kind of organised grooming and sexual exploitation that has come to light in Rotherham, and other towns and cities across the UK.
We will toughen sentencing and use new technology to protect the public
We will continue to reform the way we rehabilitate prisoners. We will deploy new technology to monitor offenders in the community and to bring persistent offenders to justice more quickly. A new semi-custodial sentence will be introduced for prolific criminals, allowing for a short, sharp spell in custody to change behaviour.
To tackle those cases where judges get it wrong, we will extend the scope of the Unduly Lenient Scheme, so a wider range of sentences can be challenged. We will review the legislation governing hate crimes, including the case for extending the scope of the law to cover crimes committed against people on the basis of disability, sexual orientation or transgender identity. We will improve the treatment of women offenders, exploring how new technology may enable more women with young children to serve their sentence in the community.
We will reform human rights law and our legal system
We have stopped prisoners from having the vote, and have deported suspected terrorists such as Abu Qatada, despite all the problems created by Labour's human rights laws. The next Conservative Government will scrap the Human Rights Act, and introduce a British Bill of Rights. This will break the formal link between British courts andthe European Court of Human Rights, and make our own Supreme Court the ultimate arbiter of human rights matters in the UK. We will continue the £375 millionmodernisation of our courts system, reducing delay and frustration for the public. And we will continue to review our legal aid systems, so they can continue to provide
access to justice in an efficient way.

 



GREEN PARTY MANIFESTO 2015 - CRIME


The following is a copy of pages 75 and 76 covering crime from the Green Party Manifesto 2015.

To access the full pdf document of the full manifesto :

CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
Imagine crime falling year on year because the causes of crime are being dealt with - unemployment,insecurity at home, school exclusions, inequality, mental health issues, drugs. Imagine a prison population at the European average rather than way over it.
Picture prisons in public hands and actually rehabilitating prisoners.Have you been a victim of crime? Picture restorative justice, which gives you a voice and helps the offender to take responsibility and make amends.
It's been said that, the more dysfunctional a society is, the more laws it has. Here is how dysfunctional the UK has become:

- Under Margaret Thatcher there were 1,724 new laws per year;
- Under John Major there were 2,402 per year;
- Under Tony Blair, 2,663 per year.

The UK imprisons more people than any other country in Europe. Under the Coalition, the prison population reached an all-time high of 88,179 in December 2011, and the number of front-line prison officers dropped by 30% between 2010 and 2013. This is a picture of a very uneasy society.

THE CONTEXT OF CRIME

Crime has a context:
- 60% of offenders have no qualifications at all;
- 48% have literacy skills below those expected of an 11 year old;
- 65% have numeracy skills below those expected of an 11 year old;
- 67% were unemployed at the time of imprisonment;
- 49% of prisoners ran away from home as a child;
- 41% were excluded from school;
- 71% suffer from two or more mental disorders;
- 70% of offenders had been drinking at the time the offences for which they were imprisoned were committed;
- There is more crime in more unequal societies

So: education, employment and security for all - this is the heart of Green Party crime policy.

We would:
- Treat drug addiction as a health issue (see Chapter 6 for our health policy).
- Restrict police use of random stop and search powers, which damage police and youth relations.
- Improve the design of our cities to provide safer streets and public spaces.
- Focus on crime prevention measures, including more community policing under local democratic control, more local police stations and the return of bus conductors and others who have an important effect on social order.
- Oppose the privatisation of policing and establish a Royal Commission on Policing as a first step towards delivering a service that's fit for purpose.
- Provide proper funding for Women's Refuges for survivors of domestic violence, and make domestic abuse a specific criminal offence.
- Work to change attitudes towards rape, including improving initial responses to women, early evidence collection and access to justice.
- Abolish Police and Crime Commissioners , and return control of the police to local government.

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE AND OFFENDER REHABILITATION
Once people have offended, what next? Punishment for its own sake (retributive justice) gets us nowhere, and that's why the Green Party would greatly expand the use of restorative justice, with the offender making up to the victim and the community. This gives victims a voice and helps offenders to see the effects of what they have done. This should enable us substantially to reduce the numbers in prison and reduce reoffending. In particular, we believe there are far too many children in the penal system.
What happens when prisoners are returned to the community? Nearly 50% of adult offenders released between April 2011 and March 2012 reoffended. This is a real indictment of what happens to people in prison.

The Green Party would:
- Oppose the privatisation of the probation services.
- Provide access to real work and education, the work to include repairing damage done by crime.
- Provide access to artistic and creative facilities.
- Provide access to literacy and numeracy classes from the first day of imprisonment.
- Operate a smaller prison system, saving £5.5 billion over the course of the Parliament.
- Grant prisoners the right to vote.
- Oppose the use of the death penalty abroad.

 


LABOUR PARTY MANIFESTO 2015 - CRIME

The following is a copy of pages 51 to 53 covering crime from the Labour Party Manifesto 2015.

To access the full pdf document of the full manifesto :

SAFER COMMUNITIES
Crime creates fear and insecurity. We can only live happy and fulfilled lives if
we know that we are safe, and that we are not at risk of violation of our person
or property.

For too many people in our country that is not the reality they see in their
communities. Neighbourhood policing, the vital building block of British policing,
is at risk of being destroyed. Anti-social behaviour is too often tolerated, rather
than dealt with. Violent crimes have gone up, but fewer violent criminals are
being caught. Far too many victims of child sex abuse are being let down by the
services that are supposed to keep them safe.

Labour believes British policing is at its best when it is rooted in local
communities, proactively preventing crime, rather than simply reacting to
emergencies.

We will protect neighbourhood policing. By making different choices - to abolish
Police and Crime Commissioners, end the subsidy of firearms licenses, and
mandate police forces to work closer together - we will be able to safeguard
over 10,000 police officers for the next three years. This will be backed up
by a new statutory Local Policing Commitment, guaranteeing neighbourhood
policing in every community.

We will strengthen community safety partnerships to give local people a role in
setting priorities for neighbourhood policing and a say over the appointment
of local police commanders.

To raise standards within policing, all police officers will be required to become
Chartered Officers, holding a registration with the College of Policing, and able
to be struck off for serious misconduct, just as doctors and lawyers can be. A
new Police Standards Authority will replace the discredited Independent Police
Complaints Commission. And we will work with the police to improve ethnic
minority recruitment so that the police better reflect the communities they
serve.

The next part of Labour's plan is preventing crime occurring in the first place.
We will nip anti-social behaviour in the bud by making offenders put right the
wrong they have done, with payback orders replacing low-level cautions. And
we will ensure staff who work with the public are given greater protection, with
tougher penalties for those who assault them.

The last Labour Government's reforms of youth justice, which required agencies
to collaborate in preventing youth offending, reduced both youth crime and
the numbers of young people in prison. The next Labour Government will
extend this model, piloting a new approach to 18 to 20-year-old offenders,
incentivising local authorities, police and probation services to work together
to identify those at risk of drifting into criminal activity and, where possible,
divert them into a more constructive way of life. And we will work to embed
restorative justice right across the youth justice system.

We know drug addiction continues to be a major cause of crime. We will ensure
drug treatment services focus on the root causes of addiction, with proper
integration between health, police and local authorities in the commissioning of
treatment. And we will ban the sale and distribution of dangerous psychoactive
substances, so called 'legal highs'.

It is clear that we need a radical change in our approach to dealing with child
abuse. We will bring in tough new powers enabling the police to prevent an
adult from contacting or communicating with a child if there is evidence of
abuse, and strengthen the vetting and barring regime. A new child protection
unit will be established to work across government, driving progress in the
prevention of child abuse and sexual exploitation.

We need prisons that both punish and rehabilitate people. Labour will do more
to increase the amount of time prisoners spend working and learning. Prisons
will be measured by how successful they are in reforming prisoners and
reducing their re-offending. We will also raise professional standards amongst
prison officers, including through the creation of Chartered Prison Officers, and
confront the neglected problem of staff corruption.
We will enact Britain's first Victims' Law to give victims of crime a voice and an
entitlement to minimum standards of service from criminal justice agencies.

Ending violence against girls and women
Two women a week are killed by a current or former male partner. At least
750,000 children a year witness domestic violence. Stopping violence against
women and girls is a priority for Labour.
We will publish a Violence against Women and Girls Bill, appoint a commissioner
to set minimum standards in tackling domestic and sexual violence, and provide
more stable central funding for women's refuges and Rape Crisis Centres.
We will strengthen the law, banning the use of community resolutions as a
response to domestic violence. The gun licensing regime will be tightened, so
that people with a history of domestic or sexual violence will not be given an
unrestricted license. And we will make changes to DNA retention, so that rape
suspects have their DNA recorded and stored.
Victims of domestic violence need far better support. So we will widen access
to legal aid for victims of domestic violence.

 


LIBERAL DEMOCRATS MANIFESTO 2015 - CRIME


The following is a copy of the crime pages from the Liberal Democrats Manifesto 2015 website.

To access their full manifesto :

CRIME

Crime has fallen to an all-time low since the Liberal Democrats entered government. But our work has only just begun: we are focusing on what works to cut crime, protect victims and save money. For too long, the other parties talked tough but made no difference: that's because simply locking more people up in prison is expensive and will not cut crime.
We will roll out this evidence-based, 'what works' approach across the whole criminal justice system. We will use community sentences better and tackle the long term causes of crime like drug and alcohol addiction or mental health problems. And when people report crimes we will make sure the police take them seriously and take action to catch the criminals.

Record of Delivery
- Cut rime by 10% with evidence based front line policing.
- Improved treatment for addition and mental health problems in prison.
- Prisoners working longer hours - with wages contributing to a Victims Fund.

Promise of More
- Scrap Police and Crime Commissioners saving £75 million for front line policing.
- Specialist "drug courts" to help addicts and those with mental health problems.
- Reform prisons to focus on turning offenders away from life of crime.

COMMUNITY SENTENCES

Tough community sentences are shown to be better than short-term prison sentences at preventing people reoffending. Liberal Democrats are not soft on crime, but want to challenge offenders and make them pay back to the community. GPS tagging will enable us to track, deter and quickly prosecute criminals who keep reoffending.

Q&A: Community sentences

What are community sentences?
Community sentences are unpaid jobs for offenders and might be anything from removing graffiti to clearing wasteland and decorating public buildings. Offenders work in their local area and are managed by a Community Payback supervisor. They can expect to complete anything from 40 to 300 hours of Community Payback, depending on the severity of their crime.
 

Why are community sentences necessary?

Community sentences are 8.3% more effective in reducing re-offending rates than short-term prison sentences. The Liberal Democrats believe that handing out challenging community sentences offers better outcomes for victims, society and the offender than short-term prison sentences do. The average cost of a prison place is £35,000, whereas most community orders enforcing unpaid work or directly tackling problems such as accommodation or alcohol add up to around £3,000 a year. Intensive drug treatment orders in the community cost an average of £8,600 a year.

What makes this approach effective?
For those who commit non-violent and less serious offences, community sentences are a cheaper and more effective way of stopping people re-offending. Liberal Democrats want to see better outcomes in the criminal justice system, with fewer victims and less damage done to society. That means aggressively tackling the factors that lie behind people re-offending. It also means making offenders take responsibility for their crimes and pay something back to the communities of which they are a part.
JOBS FOR OFFENDERS
Liberal Democrats will ensure that all offenders get access to the education and training they need to go straight and turn their lives around. Getting a job is one of the key factors in reducing reoffending - that's why we will challenge offenders to improve their chances.
 

Q&A: Jobs for offenders

Why is this necessary?
Liberal Democrats are committed to reducing the number of people in prison, by preventing crime, improving community sentences, and reducing re-offending. Liberal Democrats believe that prison will always be necessary for the most serious and dangerous offenders. Furthermore, when it is necessary to send someone to prison, it is not simply enough to deprive them of liberty. It is important to challenge that individual's behaviour; deal with drug, alcohol, and mental health problems; and provide them with education, training and employment.

What works to reduce crime?
There is a weight of evidence collected from around the world over the course of the last thirty years that some things do work, with some people, some of the time. Key features include: identifying those offenders who are most likely to reoffend; assessing the reasons for their offending; implementing tried and tested programmes which impact on attitude, thinking and behaviour; and helping offenders to change their situation through training, advice and guidance so that they are better able to deal with everyday problems, hold down a home, a job or a relationship, and overcome problems associated with alcohol and/or drugs.

How will the rising prison population be controlled?
Liberal Democrats believe that there are too many people in prison. Keeping offenders as close as possible to their homes, finding them jobs, dealing with drug, alcohol and mental health problems are vital if we are to help people break the pernicious cycle of re-offending. Providing support in the community, alongside the means to find employment, will give offenders the best possible chance to live productive, law abiding lives.
How will you improve access to training?
We will work with third sector organisations who concentrate on assisting offenders prior to and for a substantial period of time after release. We will ensure that, as a minimum, the last few months of a custodial sentence are devoted to job-seeking, the securing of accommodation and the creation of the foundations for a law-abiding life post-release.

CRIME PREVENTION
Liberal Democrats want to divert people away from crime. By identifying problems like mental health needs, drug and alcohol addiction, family breakdown and homelessness we can stop criminal behaviour from spiralling out of control. We will pilot US-style drug and alcohol courts.

Q&A: Crime Prevention
What is the Lib Dem policy on preventing crime?
With Liberal Democrats in Government, crime is down ten per cent according to both the independent Crime Survey and police records. That means fewer homes burgled, fewer communities blighted and fewer people hurt. But there is much more to do to reduce crime and free people from fear.
The best way to help victims is to stop crime from happening in the first place, whether by designing out crime or by smart punishments that set offenders back on the straight and narrow. We will make sure the number one job of the criminal justice system is to prevent crime by cutting reoffending.

What are drug courts?
Drug courts potentially provide the opportunity to provide bespoke specialist intervention to tackle a specific problem. Participants are typically people who are addicted to drugs or alcohol and have been charged with a non-violent, drug-related offence. Judges work with treatment providers to establish a regime of sanctions and rewards, and users are held to account by the judge for their progress. Drug courts are generally considered to be a useful tool in North America.

Why does preventing crime involve tackling drug and mental health problems?
People with mental health and drug or alcohol problems often find themselves arrested by the police for disruptive behaviour and low-level criminal activity. They present a significant cost to the criminal justice system, which lacks the specialist facilities to tackle the root causes of their behaviour. The Justice Select Committee has noted that violent crime, 44% of which is drink-related, costs Britain almost £30bn a year, while drug-related crime costs £13.3bn and crime committed by people with behavioural problems as children costs £60bn.

SCRAPPING POLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS

Liberal Democrats will ensure the police pursue the public's priorities by replacing Police and Crime Commissioners with Police Boards made up of councillors from across the force area. We will direct the £75 million of savings to front-line policing.

Q&A: Scrapping Police and Crime Commissioners
What are Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs)?
Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) are elected representatives which replace police authorities, and they work to ensure that police forces are running effectively. It is estimated that the cost of the PCC elections was £75 million, and the annual cost of the PCCs nationally is over £50 million.
Why is it necessary to scrap PCCs?
The Liberal Democrats are in favour of the accountability of the police. We are not convinced that the expense of PCCs and the concentration of power in the hands of one person is the way to achieve this goal.
The Independent Police Commission, also known as the Stevens Commission, said the elected PCC model is "systemically flawed as a method of democratic governance".

Do PCCs increase democratic participation in the police?
Turnout was at a record low in the PCC elections - just 15% on average. A November 2013 YouGov poll showed only 9% of those polled thought PCCs had contributed to a fall in crime in their area. On the other hand, local councils understand the needs of the different communities they represent, and are in a strong position to provide legitimate democratic oversight of the Police.

How would the new Police Boards differ?
The new "Police Boards" will not be the same as the old Police Authorities. The new system of Police Boards would require each relevant upper tier authority in the police area to appoint their relevant lead councillor for Community Safety as a member, ensuring the new body has a clear and strong link with grassroots crime prevention. In addition, other members would be appointed so that there is representation from the rehabilitation providers and clear political proportionality across the police area. Each board member would have a specific area of responsibility (for example tackling domestic violence) and be expected to report back on this regularly.

 



UKIP 2015 MANIFESTO - CRIME


The following is a copy of pages 52 to 55 covering crime from the UKIP Manifesto 2015.

To access the full pdf document of the full manifesto :

CRIME AND JUSTICE

"Cuts to the police force, a plethora of insidious EU directives, poor judgements from the European Court of Justice that trample on the rights of victims: all these have eroded trust and confidence in policing and our judicial and prison systems. Our internal national security has never felt so undermined."
DIANE JAMES MEP
Home Affairs Spokesman

Since 2010 our internal national security has been weakened again and again. It is UKIP's intention to draw a line under the cuts suffered by our police, prison and criminal justice services and provide them with adequate resources.
We must get our law enforcement agencies back into a fit state, so they can deliver the protection British citizens have set great store by in the past and which we have a right to expect in the future. In addition to boosting the Border Agency by 2,500 we will also put 3,500 more front line personnel into the police and prison services.

REMOVING THE EU'S HANDCUFFS

Our membership of the European Union and associated acceptance of the 'free movement of people' principle means we are unable to prevent criminals arriving on our shores. Truly horrific, tragic crimes have been committed in Britain by foreign criminals with long records in their home countries and petty criminality has risen as gangs of thieves, pickpockets and scammers have arrived from overseas to target the UK.
We must leave the EU to prevent those with criminal convictions coming here. By opening the borders to convicted criminals, previous governments have put us at unacceptable risk. We have been badly let down.
UKIP will do its utmost to deport foreign criminals and prevent those with criminal records from entering Britain, when we leave the EU. This will help protect our nation, free up prison places and relieve some of the stress on the prison service.

HUMAN RIGHTS LEGISLATION
Putting responsibility for law and order back into the hands of Parliament is key to UKIP's approach to law and order, justice and internal security across the British Isles.
We will remove ourselves from the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights: the Strasbourg Court whose interpretation of the European Convention of Human Rights has been known to put the rights of criminals above those of
victims. Our own Supreme Court will act as the final authority on matters of Human Rights.
We will also repeal Labour's Human Rights legislation. It has given European judges far too much power over British law making and law enforcement and prevented us deporting terrorists and career criminals and from implementing whole-life sentences.
Our human rights will be enshrined in law via the introduction of a new, consolidated UK Bill of Rights. This will complement the UN Declaration of Human Rights and encapsulate all the human and civil rights that UK citizens have acquired under UK law since Magna Carta. This new UK Bill of Rights will apply across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

'INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY'
UKIP will fully uphold the principle of 'innocent until proven guilty.' This tenet of law is fundamental to British justice and UKIP will reverse the opt-in to EU law and justice measures, which disregard this fundamental principle, including the European Arrest Warrant and European Investigation Orders, which were enacted by the Coalition partners and supported by Labour.

THE UK POLICE

Austerity cuts have forced cuts to policing numbers that have gone too far, placing citizen safety and trust in policing at severe risk. UKIP is committed to returning to
a meaningful capita population-based policing resource. Serving officers should not be subjected to undue stress as a result of being over-stretched.
Crime is not a 'lifestyle option' UKIP will tolerate. The more visible police we have on our streets, the more criminals are reminded of this fact and the more the public are reassured.
Reducing the numbers of territorial constabularies nationwide will release finance onto the front line: we question whether 43 constabularies, each with a multiplicity and duplication of roles, is either a viable situation or one suited to delivering operational efficiency. This will not be a 'top-down' process however, but an expert,police-led approach, leading to collaboration and co-operation between constabularies and policing bodies with the aim of producing structures more relevant to policing in 21st century Britain.
We will also reduce the number of Police and Crime Commissioners in line with our objective of a reduction in the number of territorial constabularies to save money and tackle serious crime.
The PCC role and remit will be reviewed before the next set of PCC elections to identify ´Best Practice ´ that has been achieved across the country. The findings of this exercise will be used to establish a new Terms of Reference and role specification for the remaining PCCs to ensure that they are ´fit for purpose ´ regarding the identified challenges for policing and the criminal justice system as a whole.

We will also:
- Commit to keeping sworn and warranted officers under the service of the Crown.
UKIP will not outsource or privatise UK policing
- Refuse to allow the introduction or deployment of the Euro Gendarmerie force
within the UK
- Invest in new technology such as communications equipment and personal CCTV
to combat crime
- Ensure Britain's police forces comply with the law and do not retain booking
photographs, fingerprints, DNA, or biometric data of individuals who have not
been convicted of a crime
- Seek to match the make-up of the police force to the UK's population profile
- Introduce an accredited system for police recruitment in line with UKIP policy on
apprenticeships and vocational training.

CRIME AND SENTENCING
The nature of crime has changed dramatically. The Internet, impossible to police completely, is growing as a medium to commission and commit crime.
Up to one third of women report being the victim of domestic violence, yet in itself it is not an offence.
There is confusion concerning laws on carrying potentially lethal weapons.
While we once believed we had abolished slavery, people trafficking is increasing and modern-day slavery is a harsh reality.
UKIP believes it is time for a review of what is and what is not a criminal offence and we will commit to such a review, together with a review of commensurate sentencing policy to address the changing nature of crime today. The emphasis of such a review is likely to be on up to date sentencing procedures and processes for internet/cyber crime, sexual crime relating to minors, fraud, aggression, intimidation, people trafficking and gang masters and drug & substance abuse. Our overall approach to crime is one of firmness, coupled with deterrent and rehabilitative strategies and a focus on combatting crime that delivers clear social value outcomes. We are also clear that the interests of law-abiding citizens and victims must always take precedence over those of criminals.

We also pledge the following:
- We will prosecute all cases of adult sexual behaviour with under-age minors. The age of consent will not be reviewed or changed
- We will adopt a zero tolerance approach to cultural practices that are either illegal or which conflict with British values and customs, including forced marriages, female genital mutilation and 'so-called' honour killings. We will enforce the law and prosecute where necessary
- UKIP will seek to introduce new personal weapons legislation to reflect progress
made on knife crime and combat the many different kinds of items now used to injure,
disfigure or kill
- We will not decriminalise illegal drugs, however we will focus on ensuring drug
suppliers, not their victims, face the full force of the law
- We will update licensing laws in response to calls from local authorities to limit the maximum stake on fixed-odds betting terminals from £100 down to £2, to tackle
problem gambling and anti-social behaviour.

DEALING WITH FOREIGN CRIMINALS
There is significant public concern about the ability of convicted foreign criminals first to gain entry to the UK and subsequently to obtain British citizenship. UKIP will not allow this to continue. If they have been convicted of any crime, foreign nationals will potentially forfeit any entitlement to a UK Passport and to unrestricted entry to the country.
We will introduce a fast-track deportation programme to safeguard our national security and ease overcrowding and pressure on our prison service. Foreign prisoners in receipt of custodial sentences will be returned to their country of origin.
If they choose to launch an appeal, they must do so from their home country, or the country to which they are deported. They must also pay their own costs, or their home nation must fund their case. This policy will benefit the UK tax payer; is fair to all
criminals regardless of origin; and reinstates UK judicial control.
DNA testing and retention of DNA data results will be reinstated for all convicted foreign criminals. This, in our view, is a major preventative step towards protecting UK citizens and our front-line security forces. We will amend the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 to enable the police to continue to keep samples from foreign suspects who are arrested but not charged in Britain.